Grade 12 - English
English IV Fundamentals (Credit: 1.00)English IV Fundamentals continues to build on the sequential development and integration of communication skills in
four major areas: reading, writing, speaking, and listening. It most specifically focuses on deepening and furthering
students' understanding in the following ways:
Reading reinforces reading comprehension skills by teaching students comprehension techniques for literary
fiction, poetry, and drama, including discussion of common literary devices; shows students how to analyze,
evaluate, and interpret a text; reinforces awareness of the elements and structure of narrative and expository
prose; guides students through English literary history, including readings of Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Milton’s
Paradise Lost, Beowulf, and other selections of and excerpts from major English literary figures.
Writing develops students’ writing skills by teaching about clauses and phrases in sentence structures;
reviews common sentence and paragraph construction errors and methods for avoiding them; teaches Greek
and Latin roots and prefixes to enhance vocabulary and spelling skills; expands students’ abilities to write
cohesive and coherent expository prose; gives students the opportunity to develop their abilities in writing
literary critiques, poetry, short stories, and expository prose.
Listening teaches effective listening comprehension skills, weaving these throughout the lessons; builds upon
students' study skills as well as helps them to become reliable and efficient note takers.
Special Topics incorporates research skills, including Internet, library, and reference material use, throughout